Free Public Record Sites
BRB Online Products
Public Records Blog
Copyright BRB Publications, Inc. All rights reserved. This content may not
be copied. For more information call
Conviction/Withdrawal Code Dictionary (ACD)
The ACD Codes — A Key Component to Understanding Driving Records
When viewing state MVRs one can readily see that each state has unique conviction reporting
language and codes inherent to their motor vehicle statutes and specific violation language.
States must communicate with one another and with the National Driver Register (NDR) regarding
commercial drivers, problem drivers, and out-of state actions, although to varying extent. The
question is—how do states know what the conviction codes from other states mean and how do they
translate this information into their own language and code set?
The answer is the states utilize the AAMVA Code Dictionary (ACD) as a translation table.
The AAMVA Code Dictionary (ACD) is a translation table used to exchange conviction and withdrawal
information between the states’ driver licensing authorities. The AAMVA Code Dictionary (ACD) is
copyrighted by the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA).
A primary function of the ACD is to enable the state to use the Commercial Driver's License
Information System (CDLIS) to exchange convictions and withdrawals. Other applications, such
as the Problem Driver Pointer System (PDPS), use these codes as well. Also, many states use
the ACD to indicate out-of-state convictions on driving records.
ACD Codes Affect Today’s Driving Records
Thus in practice, the ACD Code System is used to exchange conviction and withdrawal information
between the states' driver licensing authorities. But many states have adopted some or all of
the codes into their own code system. Thus many states show ACD Codes on their driving records.
So, knowing what a specific ACD Code means can be a helpful indication of what a state's lingo
for an MVR conviction or action means. Plus the knowledge of what a specific ACD Code means can
be a very helpful indication when deciphering the meaning of a conviction or withdrawal action.
The Major Changes in New ACD Release
The most recent release of the ACD Codes became effective September 1, 2013. This date includes
changes per Version 5.0.0 released February 1, 2013 and per Version 5.1.0 released July 1, 2013.
Both 5.0.0 and 5.1.0 became effective September 1, 2013.Below is a summary of these pending changes.
(Reprinted with Permission of AAMVA - Copyright 2013)
D30 ‘Misrepresentation of identity or other facts on application, including required
self-certifications, for CLP or CDL’
D31 ‘Fraud related to the issuance of a CLP or CDL’
W27 (‘Failure to make an appointment within 30 days of receiving notification that
re-testing is necessary [when fraud is suspected]’
W28 ‘Failure to retest or failure of scheduled test(s) [when fraud is suspected]’
W82 (Failure to surrender license or permit when directed by jurisdiction)
‘Failure to surrender license or permit or otherwise comply with jurisdiction requirements’
Inclusion of CLP in Certain Codes
A35 now reads ‘Possession of open alcohol container while operating a motor vehicle’
A41 now reads ‘Driver violation of ignition interlock or immobilization device and/or
B51 now reads ‘Expired or no non-commercial driver license or permit’
B91 now reads ‘Driving without the proper class and/or endorsement on commercial
or non-commercial permit or license for the specific vehicle group being operated
or for the passengers or type of cargo being transported.’
D02 now reads ‘Misrepresentation of identity or other facts on application, including
required self-certifications, for non-commercial permit or license’; this is to
differentiate it from the new D30 (Misrepresentation of identity or other facts on
application, including required self-certifications, for CLP or CDL) which has a
federally-mandated minimum withdrawal period of 60 days
B91 now reads ‘Driving without the proper class and/or endorsement on commercial or
non-commercial permit or license for the specific vehicle group being operated or
for the passengers or type of cargo being transported.’
F34 now reads ‘Stopping, standing, or parking: obstructing or impeding traffic with
a motor vehicle’ (addition of the phrase ‘with a motor vehicle’)
M86 (Using a Hand-held Mobile Telephone While Driving) – now reads ‘Violating Prohibitions
on Using a Hand-held Mobile Telephone While Driving’
U02 ‘Resisting arrest while operating a motor vehicle’
Included CLP holders where penalties for CDL holders are stated throughout the document
The following ACD Codes are now applicable to drivers with a CLP (Commercial Learner’s Permit)
or CDL (Commercial Driver’s License):
B20 thru B26 (‘Driving a CMV when, as a result of prior violations committed operating a CMV,
the driver’s CLP or CDL is revoked, suspended, or canceled, or the driver is disqualified from
operating a CMV.’) Note: Codes B20 thru B26 are not major violations for drivers that hold a
CLP but not a CDL.
B56 (‘Driving a CMV without obtaining a CLP or CDL’)
B57 (‘Driving a CMV without a CLP or CDL in the driver’s possession’)
B91 (‘Driving without the proper class and/or endorsements on commercial or non-commercial
permit or license for the specific vehicle group being operated or for the passengers or
type of cargo being transported.’)
Clarified that RRGC violations are subject to penalties in the federal regulations only if they occur in a CMV
Added clarification that withdrawal codes W30, W31, W40, W41, W50, W51, W52, W60, and W61 can only be used as withdrawals for CLP or CDL-holders and those ‘required to have a CLP or CDL’
Added clarification Major Offenses Table that the A11 and A91 are ‘major’ only if the reported BAC is = 0.04
Again, the data provided herein is a summary and not all inclusive. The American
Association of Motor Vehicle Administrator’s Code Dictionary, including the ACD
Codes, is the copyrighted property of the American Association of Motor Vehicle
Administrators (AAMVA). The content in this document is printed with the permission
of AAMVA. For more information about this organization see www.aamva.org.
E31 (Defective brakes)
E33 (Defective hazmat safety devices)
E34 (Defective lights)
E36 (Defective school bus equipment)
E37 (Defective tires)
F66 (Unsafe condition of vehicle)
The ACD Code set is included in the book and online version of the MVR Access and Decoder
This page may not be copied. If you would like to create a link to this page from your website,
please e-mail us.
All rights reserved. Without the publisher's prior written consent, no part of the data or programs contained
on www.publicrecordsources.com may be: i] used, reproduced abstracted, extracted, or otherwise copied in any
manner or form, by any means; ii] stored in a database or retrieval system in any manner or form by any means; iii]
manipulated, transposed or massaged in any manner or form, by any means; iv] sold, assigned, disseminated, or otherwise
transferred in any manner or form, by any means. Your failure to conform to these limitations on use, as described
hereinabove, is a violation of the United States copyright laws.